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Types of Doors

There are five major types of doors:

a) Interior Doors b) Exterior Doors c) Patio/Garden Doors d) Storm doors e) Basement doors

Interior Doors

Interior doors provide both interior home privacy and reduce the sound levels between rooms. Interior doors are available in many styles such as slab or flush type doors, paneled doors, louvered and partially louvered doors. Choice is dependant on both individual taste and budget.

Doors must have at least a half inch of space between the finished floors and the bottom of the doors to allow free air flow. The reasons for this include: allowing airflow between rooms required by central heating or cooling systems, to prevent friction between the bottom of the door and the floor allowing the door to open and close freely without wear. The use of louvered doors, although expensive, can be useful in locations where air flow is crucial such as closets, furnaces, water heaters etc.

Exterior Doors

Exterior doors can enhance the beauty or appearance of the home or structure. An appealing main entrance adds to the appearance of the house. Main entrance doors and window systems are available in a wide range of design, material and colours options. The unique importance of front doors dictates that they are constructed differently from regular exterior doors. Many details are added to the front door the make it special such as, door caps, exterior mouldings and panels, windows or lights in or to the side of the door. Exterior doors can serve both as weather protectors and effective sound reducers. Most exterior doors are about 1 3/4 inch thick, three feet or more wide, and a minimum of 6 feet, 8 inches high. The outer side of the door will be exposed to weather and therefore must have a tight weather seal. Security is also an issue, proper secure door locks and a method of viewing persons at the door before opening it are essential components to a proper exterior door system. Locking devices and handles are available in a variety of styles, metals, security features, colours and textures. Additional security features including securly viewing persons at the door. There are several security feature options including installing a peep hole in the door, security camera system or by installing side lights on one or both sides of the door. Side lights vary in size but they come at a width of approximately one foot and are available in many finishes and textures including a low e insulated glass.

Patio/Garden Doors

The majority of houses built today will have at least one patio door, either a sliding glass door system, or single or double French doors. These provide easy access to your patio, deck, and garden. Patio doors generally provide the appearance of a larger room while letting ample light and air in through them. When selecting a patio/garden door, the most important factors to consider are of course an attractive appearance as well as function in insulation quality, secure locking system and weather tightness.

Sliding glass doors include at least one fixed and one sliding panel. The strength of the sliding glass doors frame is critical when it covers a large span. Some of the frame material options include fibreglass, vinyl, wood, or aluminum. Wood frames come in a big range of styles and colors; they should come coated with water repellent. Fibreglass frames are durable, easy to maintain, energy efficient and can be easily painted. The fibreglass frame will increase in decrease in size in temperature changes at the same rate glass panes will, hence reducing stress within the doors and keeping both materials tightly fitted to each other.

A patio door has a much larger amount of glass area compared to the frame area, because of that, the type of glass which you select has a much greater influence on energy efficiency than does the frame material. It is recommended in hot climate locations to have doors with tinted glass, and in a cold climate location to have triple pane systems with a low-e glass for better weather insulation. French doors usually have a single panel that swings while the other panel remains fixed in place. They have attractive and strong wide frames, and can be energy efficient because there is less glass area.

Storm Doors

Storm doors are available in a number of styles and are designed to provide protection from weather and direct sunlight for the primary door. They also supply additional door security, ventilation and assist in providing insulation to the primary door which can otherwise leak a large amount of energy.

Basement Doors

A basement door typically is less decorative than the primary door and should provide protection with respects to weather and security. The door should be at least 32 inches wide to allow large appliances and furniture go through it.

Let us assist you in choosing and installing doors that are suited to your lifestyle and taste. This may be either as replacement doors or as part of a renovation or new build.