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Where to Insulate

Your home will be more comfortable if it is well insulated. There are primary areas that should be noticed.

Basements - it is not recommended to install insulation against a wet or damp wall. Generally, rigid sheets of polystyrene foam are the most efficient per unit of thickness. It is good to add them to any concrete surface. Rigid foam insulation can be used below grade because it has an outstanding moisture resistance.

Floors - you can save 5%-15% of your heating costs by applying insulation to your floors. It is recommended that the sub floor connection with the sole plate will be sealed. If the house is built over a crawl space it can be insulated by laying blanket insulation with vapour barrier that faces up. To insulate over a concrete slab, install a rigid board such as plywood over the slab. Wherever there are pipes, electric wires, telephone and television cables that penetrate the sole plate, sealing is required. Insulate with blanket, batt fibreglass or rock wool insulation the floors between a first and second story for excellent sound proofing.

Walls - it is significant to insulate sides, tops and bottoms of windows and doors. During framing the spaces between wall studs, should be filled with blankets or batts. By applying rigid board insulation to the outside of regular sheeting you will increase R-Value. It is necessary to place insulation behind plumbing access panels. Exterior doors are suppose to come with bottom seals, for higher insulation value.

Attics - most of the heat loss occurs through the attic, and that is why, by installing sufficient attic insulation, you can reduce 30% of your gas bill. When insulating an attic, the most common method is to staple blanket insulation between the ceiling joists. In a case of cathedral ceilings, the right way to insulate is to install batt material between the roof rafters against the underside of the roof sheeting. Attic accesses should be insulated with a piece of fibreglass blanket or rigid board. When considering recessed lighting fixtures use the IC, which means, Insulated Ceiling which further means designed for insulation contact. With these recessed lighting fixtures you don't need to worry about how close insulation is placed next to a heat producing fixture.

Ducts and Plumbing - you can reduce the annual heating cost by as much as 10% by insulating heating and cooling ducts, pipes, etc. the 2-inch thick blanket insulation is manufactured in sizes designed for covering duct work and pipes. When heating ducts run through unheated parts of a house they can waste as much heat as they deliver. In order to prevent moisture build up on the outside of the insulation and cooling ducts it is pertinent to install well sealed vapour barrier. It is important for water pipes to have insulation, the pipe insulation will also decrease gargling noises and will prevent condensation during warm temperatures when cold water pipes tend to "sweat".

Let us assist you in installing insulation either as part of a renovation or replacement or as a new build.