Types of Windows

When selecting windows, please keep the following points in mind:

  • Ease of operation
  • Insulating effects
  • Maintenance properties
  • Price
  • Safety factor
  • Ease of Cleaning
  • Style and overall fit
  • Manufacturers currently offer a number of basic window types to choose from, descriptions of these follow:

    Casement Windows - Operates like a hinged door, except that it opens and closes with a lever inside the window. They can be opened completely to allow 100% air flow to come in.

    Double and Single Hung Windows - The most common used windows today. It has panes that slide up and down in tracks called stiles. When open, these windows allow air flow through half of its size. In single-hung windows the top sash is fixed and can't be moved.

    Fixed Window - This type of window is stationary and can't be opened or closed and are installed directly into a wall.

    Horizontal Sliding Windows - These are actually Double-Hung or Single-Hung windows laid on their sides. Allow air flow through half of their size.

    Awning and Hopper Windows - Similar in look to the Casement Windows, yet they tilt to open instead of slide (awning tilts inwards and Hopper tilts outwards). Both types allow air flow almost through their full size.

    Bay Windows - Wide and decoratively impressive allow for 180 degree view. Consists of three adjacent windows or sections of windows in a series.

    Bow Windows - Similar to a Bay window, however this form is gently curved rather than angled. The curved shape is created by a series of narrow sashes.

    Glass Block Windows - As with fixed windows, the window cannot be opened or closed. Glass blocks are installed by cementing the individual glass blocks into the opening. This type of window provides security, privacy and has an insulating factor.

    Garden Windows - AKA Green House Windows. They are projected out by about 12" from the house exterior. These windows allow sunlight exposure, thus making them ideal to grow plants.

    Skylight and Roof Windows - Admit natural light and help distribute light more evenly throughout the room. Considered an energy saver feature. Comes in many shapes and sizes.

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